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How automated credit assessment processes help mitigate risks and ensure compliance with regulatory requirements

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By Vineet Tyagi, Global CTO & Head of Operations- India, Biz2Credit and Biz2X
For India, which has big developmental ambitions to achieve in this decade and the ongoing “Kartavya Kaal,” the financial sector, particularly lending institutions, holds special significance. By empowering individuals and businesses with funds, they considerably contribute to economic growth. However, lenders also encounter multiple challenges while processing credits, which slows down the entire process and makes it difficult to provide timely credit.

The concerns are primarily caused by the financial institutions’ reliance on manual credit assessment methods, which are time-consuming, error-prone, and often lack comprehensive risk analysis. Furthermore, with the manual process, ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements also becomes a cumbersome task. Any delay in credit processing is something that none of the parties concerned want because it hurts businesses. However, human processing prevents institutions from quickly concluding the transaction and reimbursing the loan amount. This necessitates the sector to rethink and reimagine their operations in order to ensure seamless credit distribution.

In recent years, the advent of automation and advanced technologies, such as AI & ML, has revolutionised the financial landscape and offered numerous advantages in streamlining operations. The benefits of this automation have also been witnessed in credit processing. It has proved to be immensely helpful in fastening the process, assessing and mitigating risks and adhering to regulatory compliance. Considering the significance of timely loan disbursal and the huge number of applicants, adopting automation has become inevitable for lenders in India today.

Why automation in credit assessment
India today has emerged as a hotspot for economic activities. Due to its huge consumer base, it attracts new-generation entrepreneurs as well as established global firms to operate on the land. With a surge in startups and young enterprises, there is a growing demand for financial support in the form of loans. At the same time, the aspirations of Indians have increased, resulting in an improved lifestyle. They approach lenders for credit to fulfill their needs, requirements, and ambitions. This has led to a significant rise in the number of loan applications received daily, which makes manual assessment challenging as well as time-consuming.

Automation in credit assessment offers a solution to this problem by streamlining the evaluation process, leveraging advanced algorithms and real-time data analysis to expedite decision-making and ensure efficient allocation of credit to deserving applicants. Providing timely credit to individuals and businesses has become crucial for accelerating growth and raising the standard of living.

Advantages of automation in credit assessment
The manual credit assessment processes involve copious paperwork, reliance on outdated credit scoring models, and subjective decision-making, leading to inconsistencies and inefficiencies. Moreover, real-time data update cannot be ensured with manual processing, which limits the ability to identify potential risks promptly.

Instead, by implementing automated credit assessment, financial institutions can streamline the entire lending process and significantly reduce the time required for credit analysis and decision-making. The advanced algorithms and real-time data integration enable organisations for a more accurate evaluation of applicants’ creditworthiness and repayment capacity. Most importantly, automation ensures a consistent and unbiased evaluation, leading to fairer outcomes for borrowers.

As automated credit assessment platforms utilise advanced risk analytics tools, they can analyse an enormous amount of data and evaluate creditworthiness accurately. These tools measure creditworthiness on factors such as credit history, income levels, debt-to-income ratios, and payment behavior, and aid financial institutions in detecting potential risks associated with each applicant. Furthermore, with an automated credit assessment platform, lenders can significantly elevate borrowers’ experience by allowing them to apply for credit seamlessly across various devices. They can also bring down valuable human resources employed to credit assessment jobs and utilise their potential for more strategic and productive purposes.

The AL and ML driven automation and dynamic data analysis allows for the identification of emerging trends and anomalies, which can be critical in detecting potential credit risks promptly. These algorithms can identify subtle patterns and correlations that human analysts may not recognise, leading to enhanced risk management capabilities.

Regulatory compliance
The lending industry is heavily regulated to safeguard consumers’ interests and preserve financial stability. Non-compliance with regulatory guidelines can cause severe penalties and reputational damage to financial institutions.

Automated credit assessment processes can ensure compliance by incorporating regulatory guidelines directly into the decision-making process. SaaS-based platforms offer configurable credit policies that allow lenders to align their credit decisions with regulatory requirements. Additionally, dynamic applications can be updated in real time to adhere to changing regulatory landscapes.

What the future holds- Trends and outlook
The future of credit assessment lies in cutting-edge technologies such as blockchain, which can enhance data security and streamline identity verification. Additionally, the integration of open banking APIs will allow lenders to access comprehensive financial data, further improving risk assessment.

As automation continues to evolve, financial institutions will experience improved risk management, faster decision-making, and enhanced customer experiences. Regulators, however, will need to keep pace with technological advancements to ensure that automated credit assessment processes remain compliant and consumer-centric.

Conclusion
Automated credit assessment processes have emerged as a game-changer for financial institutions, offering efficient risk mitigation and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements. By leveraging advanced technologies and analytics, lenders can make informed credit decisions, ultimately benefiting both lenders and borrowers. As automation continues to shape the lending landscape, the industry must remain vigilant in adopting innovative solutions while maintaining regulatory compliance to foster a robust and sustainable lending ecosystem. This will be a significant step towards turning the dreams of India@100 into reality.

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