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Navigating the essentials of a privacy policy as per the Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023

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By Garima Mitra, CoFounder, Treelife

In recent times, the topic of personal data protection has been much talked about, and of paramount importance. We now live in a digital age where almost all of our basic and even confidential personal details are uploaded online either through social media platforms, e-commerce websites, or even for identity verification. According to recent estimates, 328.77 million terabytes of data are generated each day.

Today, personal data is both a valuable asset and a subject of concern, so a robust privacy policy is important. A well-written policy will serve as a guide outlining how an organization collects, uses, processes, and protects user information.

In this article, we delve into the intricacies of a privacy policy, drawing insights from a comprehensive framework commonly found in such documents.

Ensuring consent

User consent is the cornerstone of data collection and processing activities. A well-crafted, comprehensive policy must explicitly state that by utilizing the organization’s services or accessing its platform, users are implicitly agreeing to its terms. Moreover, the policy should outline procedures for notifying users of any significant changes, ensuring continued consent, and maintaining transparency throughout the user’s engagement.

Empowering user autonomy

Respecting user autonomy is non-negotiable in today’s data-driven digital landscape. A good privacy policy must incorporate provisions that enable users to opt out of data collection and processing activities. By providing clear instructions on how to exercise this right, organizations empower users to assert control over their personal information and make informed choices about their privacy preferences.

Prudent collection and usage of personal information

A privacy policy must clearly state the types of personal information garnered and the methods employed for the acquisition. It should reassure users that only voluntarily provided information or data available in the public domain is collected, facilitating transparency and building user trust in the organization’s data practices.

Apart from this, to maintain transparency and accountability, privacy policies should articulate the purposes for which the personal data gathered will be used. This will reflect organisational alignment with their stated objectives and be accountable for usage of the data .

Disclosing data with third-party

Today, third-party sharing is one of the most common practices that businesses follow when it comes to data handling. In such instances where the information is shared with third parties, the privacy policy must state the conditions under which such sharing occurs. By establishing transparency and accountability in their data-sharing practices, organisations foster trust and confidence among users regarding the handling of their personal information.

Addressing cookie policies

If a business employs cookies to enhance user experience or analyse website traffic, the privacy policy must have a section where the usage of cookies is included alongside the implications for users’ privacy. By informing users about cookies and management options, organisations empower individuals to make informed decisions about their privacy preferences.

Data retention and security

The privacy policy should include the organisation’s approach to data retention and the robust security measures employed to protect user information. By reassuring users of a commitment to robust security practices, organisations foster trust and confidence in their data handling practices, reinforcing the importance placed on safeguarding personal information.

International data transfer

In instances when data processing transcends boundaries and involves international transfer, the privacy policy must clarify the jurisdictions involved and the measures undertaken to ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Transparent communication about data transfer practices enhances user trust and confidence, demonstrating the organisation’s adherence to global data protection standards.

Limitations of liability

A privacy policy can include disclaimers regarding external links and user-contributed content, mitigating the company’s liability for third-party actions. By setting clear boundaries, organisations minimize legal risks associated with user-generated content and external links while maintaining transparency about the scope of their responsibilities.

Upholding user rights

Users must be empowered with the right to access, rectify, and erase their personal information, as well as to withdraw the same or lodge complaints in case they feel their data is being misused. The privacy policy should pledge to facilitate the exercise of these rights while upholding legal obligations and building trust and accountability in the company’s data handling practices.

Grievance resolution

A dedicated grievance officer to promptly address user concerns and complaints demonstrates the organisation’s commitment to resolving privacy-related issues effectively. Providing a dedicated point of contact enhances accountability and transparency in conflict resolution, reinforcing the company’s dedication to upholding user privacy.

Regulatory compliance

In compliance with relevant legislation, such as the Digital Personal Data Protection Act of 2023, organisations should ensure that their privacy policy aligns with stipulated requirements for data protection and privacy. Adhering to legislative provisions enhances legal compliance and cultivates user trust in the organisation’s data-handling practices, underscoring its commitment to operating within established regulatory frameworks.


In today’s tech-driven world, a carefully framed, comprehensive policy plays an instrumental role in navigating the complex and intricate landscape of data protection and privacy regulation. By prioritising transparency, user consent, and robust data protection measures, organisations can foster trust, enhance user experiences, and maintain compliance with regulatory standards. In doing so, they uphold privacy as a fundamental right in the modern digital landscape, ensuring the responsible and ethical handling of personal information.

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